Mcedit — Midnight Commander’s Editor

By default linux doesn’t have first rate Dos/Home windows model editor put in. Midnight Commander comprises usable, albeit DOS-style, not
Home windows-style full display editor referred to as mcedit. Please word that mcedit can also be a device for MineCraft sport so looking out
for this identify in Google is ineffective except you prefix it with midnight commander.

Few individuals perceive the mcedit has multiwindow functionality. After you open it with you first file you’ll be able to open one other information
utilizing editor menu after which you’ll be able to “cat and paste” fragments of textual content between them with ease utilizing save choice to the clipfile
function (Edit/Save to clipfile) after which change to the second window and paste from the clipfile within the level you
want this choice. 

This editor has an awesome worth as it’s extra handy for writing small scripts then vi/vim. What’s humorous that for something greater
then a dozen of traces making change by way of mcedit is usually extra handy even for diehard vi/vim customers like myself. 
Two notable benefits are:

  • very versatile discover and substitute
  • extra “Windows like” number of blocks and the flexibility to repeat a block to a unique window with one macro.

So diehard Unix command
line customers ought to take a discover 🙂

Syntax highlighting is offered for each Perl and shell.  The editor itself considerably reminds me
FTE.
 However it has totally different origin: it’s based mostly on the terminal model
of cooledit – a standalone editor for X Window System.  Cooledit
for X11
is way more highly effective with Python extensibility. Mcedit is only a fundamental subset.

Mcedit (like cooledit) was developed by  Paul Sheer, one of the vital gifted builders who participated in Midnight
Commander mission. He undoubtedly managed to place his mark on the important thing performance of each MC and mcedit.

As a result of its DOS-style conduct the editor can be utilized by most PC customers with virtually zero studying curve. Some highlights:

  1. F3 begins number of line block. After that you could develop the block iether up or down. The second  F3 freeze
    the block and replica is into inside buffer. After that you could iether copy or transfer it with  F5 and F6 correspondingly.
     
  2. Undo. The editor offers multilevel undo functionality (Ctrl-U)
     
  3. High menu. Like all Dos/Home windows-style editors, mcedit has the highest menu. Like the highest menu in OFM managers it’s usually
    hidden, however will be made seen by urgent F9 key.
     
  4. The editor some distinctive capabilities attributable to existence of editor person menu (cedit.menu in mc model 4.8
    renamed to mcedit.menu), together with the flexibility to insert the content material of the file as an alternative of the present chosen block
    or on the place of the cursor, if no block is chosen (%b macro, see under).
     
  5. The editor helps macros (see under). To outline a macro,
    • Press Ctrl-R and
    • Then sort out the keys you wish to be executed.
    •  Press Ctrl-R once more when completed.
    • You’ll be able to then assign the macro to any key you want by urgent that key.

    The macro is executed while you press Ctrl-A after which the assigned key. The macro can also be executed if you happen to press Meta, Ctrl,
    or Esc and the assigned key, offered that the secret’s not used for some other operate.

    The macro instructions are saved within the file
    ~/.mc/cedit/cooledit.macros. Do NOT edit this file if you’re going to use macros once more in the identical modifying session, as a result of
    mcedit caches macro in reminiscence. mcedit now overwrites a macro if a macro with the identical key already exists,
    so you will not need to edit this file. Additionally, you will need to restart different working editors for macros to take impact.

     

  6. Constructed-in code formatting and spellchecking.
     
  7. There’s a backside menu that reveals F-keys assignments. All gadgets on this menu are clickable by mouse. No potential of “rolodex”
    — to alter the menu while you press  Ctrl-, Alt- and Shift- keys.
     
  8. Syntax highlighting. The editor offered person customizable syntax highlighting for all main scripting and programming languages
    (you’ll be able to create your individual highlighting scheme).

Right here is an fascinating dialogue from Slashdot that factors at some issues and benefits of mcedit (Midnight
Commander Improvement Revived)
. In case you learn the entire thread not simply chosen messages listed under you in all probability will likely be shocked
with the extent of ignorance and misunderstanding about OFM demonstrated even on this transient trade (I used to be). Anyway here’s a half-dozen
of associated to mcedit messages from mc dialogue on Slashdot: 

dbcad7

In case you made a mistake in modifying say your xorg.conf file, and upon reboot X won’t restart.. and it’s simple to make use of for copying, renaming, shifting information and so on.. particularly
for many who do not usually use the command line. It was customary to incorporate it in all distros by default, and that was a superb factor,.
sadly not a lot now
.. If no matter distro I get would not have it, I all the time ensure I obtain it so it is there for emergencies.

 bruunb

Do not take this the mistaken means, however I laughed out loud after I learn you remark, I really feel the identical means concerning the MC editor (and
some other for that matter
:w seems usually after I’m in a GUI program). CLI + VI(M) and you’ve got all you want. Gnome/KDE is just for having
a number of terminals open on one display – nice for log-watching when creating.

CronoCloud

You’ll be able to in all probability guess what occurred after I used mc’s editor. I moved the cursor the place I needed to edit and hit “i”. And there
it appeared, an “i”, taunting me. Worse was a while again after I was utilizing Notepad on Vista. I had completed modifying and needed
to avoid wasting and stop, and absentmindedly hit Esc after which did “ZZ”, and questioned why it did not save and stop after which observed that
“ZZ” sitting there. And I continually attempt to center click on paste on Home windows it is all the time tripping me up. Occurs at the least as soon as, each
time I exploit Home windows.

I am not a developer or admin so needn’t juggle a lot of terminal home windows (and I do not use GNU display) however

bruunb

I by no means received that ZZ or
:wq factor that I see lots of coworkers use? I all the time use
:w when
😡
Hardly ever the
:q! possibility. I feel it comes from the previous unstable community days on the dorm within the late ’90… I should be getting
previous or one thing like that:x

graibeard

[Esc] 9 -> Choices -> Configuration -> [] use inside menu (beneath ‘Different choices’) Try this and it’ll in all probability default to
vi (vim) ie:- the system default editor

mattack2

I notice it is largely for file administration, however I’ve seen others point out that it has a file editor. So is it simpler than pico?
.. however it’s fairly dang simple to make use of.

dbcad7

In all probability not a superb programming editor, however superb for fast edits of config information.

Ash-Fox

It has syntax highlighting and some different nifty options whereas being brain-dead easy.

  • The editor can work with the mouse not solely on console and xterm,  but additionally in Putty, Teraterm and
    different terminal emulators
    . Truly the editor may be very mouse pleasant. For instance, as we already talked about,  if you happen to click on on
    info line with the mouse you get high menu.
  • DOS-style block choice, copy, transfer, delete, reduce, paste. Block choice
    mode is activated by urgent F3.  After that you could choose the block arrow keys. Typing F3 once more to “freeze” the block. At
    this level it’s already copied to the clipboard. Now you’ll be able to transfer the cursor to the purpose the place you wish to copy/transfer it and both
    click on mouse on acceptable button on the backside bar or press the suitable keyboard shortcut (F5 – copy, F6
    transfer F8 delete).  F8 works nicely when you choose the block with mouse.
  • Macrovariables that can be utilized in person menu that are similar to current in mc with a part of them “populated” based mostly
    on info from the panels.
  • Person menu just like what exists in mc. It consists of part — one for specific language extension. The part
    of the person menu used is decided by the extension of the file you might be modifying). See
    MC editor macros and person menu
  • Two forms of search and substitute
    • Common expression search and substitute
    • MC-specific scanf-printf search and substitute. You need to use scanf search and substitute to go looking and substitute a C format string.
      First check out the sscanf and
      sprintf man pages to see what a format string is and the way it works. This is an instance: suppose that you just wish to substitute all
      occurrences of an open bracket, three comma separated numbers, and a detailed bracket, with the phrase , the third quantity,
      the phrase after which the second quantity. You’ll fill within the Exchange dialog field as follows:

      Enter search string
      (%d,%d,%d)
      Enter substitute string
      apples %d oranges %d
      Enter alternative argument order
      3,2

      The final line specifies that the third after which the second quantity are for use instead of the primary and second.

      It’s advisable to make use of this function with Immediate On Exchange on, as a result of a match is regarded as discovered at any time when the variety of arguments
      discovered matches the quantity given, which isn’t all the time an actual match. Scanf additionally treats whitespace as being elastic. Observe that the scanf
      format %[ is very useful for scanning strings, and whitespace. 

  • Ability to insert the results of execution of the command on the command line at specified point of the text  (like
    in  VI)
  • Insert-overwrite toggle;
  • Word-wrap;
  • A variety of tabbing options including replace all tabs with spaces mode;
  • Ability to go to command line screen and back with Ctrl-O (only if invoked from mc via F4 button)
  • Can be used in Cygwin (actually a later, better version 4.8, instead of 4.6 that is supplied from SLES or RHEL repositories),
    so those who have Cygwin installed on their desktops can use mcedit by installing mc.

Mcedit was improved in version 4.8 in comparison with version 4.6 of mc. So version 4.8 is a recommended version for those
who want use the editor extensively.  But there is no easy way to upgrade SLES 10 and SLES 11 as well as RHEL 5 and 6 distributions
which have mc-4.6.2.pre1-121.31.x86_64.rpm installed to version 4.8.x due to glib dependencies.  Debian,
Ubuntu, and Cygwin do not have this problem. Actually Debian always was the distribution, the most friendly to open source packages.
As of May 2018 it has 4.8.20 version available. This situation suggests that both mc and mcedit  have poor portability
and need to be linked statically with their libraries on many distributions, which is a problem not limited to mc and mcedit, but a
typical problem for complex Linux open source packages.

Current (as of May 2018) version of Cygwin has mc 4.8.20.  In this version user menu file previously called
cedit.menu was renamed to mcedit.menu.

The is not  a separate binary for mcedit. mcedit is just a symbolic link for mc. When invoked using this name mc opens the
editor with the file specified.  There are two ways to invoke the editor:

  • To type mc and then within mc select the file with the mouse or using up and down keys and press F4
    T
    his is a typical way in which editor is invoked within mc. In this case some additional capabilities are available
    such as the ability to hide the editor and return to the command line using Ctrl-O. Another Ctrl-O restores the
    editor session.

  • To use the name mcedit which is a link to mc, the main Midnight Commander executable.
    Executing  Midnight Commander under this name requests staring the internal editor and opening the specified on
    the command line.

    mcedit 

    Or you can invoke mc with the option -e followed by the file you want to edit, for example

    mc -e /etc/profile

    This has effect identical to invocation via the name mcedit.

    In both cases Ctrl-O can’t be used to see the command windows as there is no extra shell level in invocation. 
    It can be used only when you invoke mcedit directly from mc by using F4 key.

You can use several options with  mcedit (with the exception of option +lineno  those actually those
are the same options that you can use with mc)

  • +lineno  Go to the line specified by number (no space between the +  sign and the number).
  • -b  Force black and white display.
  • -c  Force ANSI color mode on terminals that don’t seem to have color support.
  • -C <keyword>=<FGcolor>,<BGcolor>:<keyword>= ...  Specify a different color set. See the Colors section in
    mc(1)  for more information.
  • -d  Disable mouse support.
  • -f  Display the compiled-in search path for  Midnight Commander data files.
  • -t  Force using termcap database instead of terminfo. This option is only applicable if Midnight Commander was
    compiled with S-Lang library with terminfo support.
  • -V  Display the version of the program.
  • -x  Force xterm mode. Used when running on xterm-capable terminals (two screen modes, and able to send mouse escape
    sequences).

Ctrl and Shift mean the same keyboard keys, Alt can also be single Esc press.

F3
Begin of text selection. Second press – end of text selection (toggle)

Shift+F3
Begin of block text selection

F5
Copy text selection

F6
Move text selection

F8
Delete text selection

Alt+i
toggle ‘Return does autoindent’ option.

Alt+l

Alt+q
Insert literal. See table at bottom of this page.

Alt+t
Sort of text in selection.

Alt+u

Ctrl+f
Save selection into external file

Ctrl+k
Delete chars to end of line

Ctrl+n
Create new file (Like in Netscape)

Ctrl+s
Toggle syntax highlighting

Ctrl+t
Select text charset

Ctrl+u

Ctrl+x
Go to end of next word

Ctrl+y
Delete line

Ctrl+z
Go to start of previous word

Shift+F5

Alt+Enter
Codejump dialog

Alt+-
Move back into codejump (go to from function definition to function call)

Alt++
Move forward into codejump (go to from function call to function definition)

Alt+n
Toggle number of lines

TAB
If ‘persistent blocks’ option is on, then move selected text to right

Alt-TAB
If ‘persistent blocks’ option is on, then move selected text to left

Shift+Arrows
Text selection

Alt+Arrows
Block text selection

Alt+Shift+-
Toggle show visible tabs and trailing spaces

Here is a quote from Cooledit man page, the older brother of mcedit. It provides some additional useful information, although not all
keys work the same way:

Movement keys:

Left

left one char
Right
right one char
Up
up one line
Down
down one line
Home
beginning of line
End
end of line
PgUp
up one screen full
PgDn
down one screen full
Ctrl-PgUp
beginning of file
Ctrl-PgDn
end file
Ctrl-Home
beginning of page
Ctrl-End
end of page
Ctrl-Left
left one word
Ctrl-Right
right one word
Ctrl-Up
up one paragraph
Ctrl-Down
down one paragraph
Meta/Alt-Up
scroll up one line
Meta/Alt-Down scroll down
one line

Highlight keys:
Shift with any of the above keys will highlight at the same time.

Column highlighting:
Holding down the Control key while using the mouse to highlight text,
will cause the highlighted text to be displayed in inverse colour. You
will be able to select columns (arbitrary rectangles) of text and
drag and drop them as usual.

:
When editing an input line, Shift-Up or Shift-Down
will bring up a history of previous inputs.

Editing keys:
Delete
delete char to the right
Backspace
delete char to the left
Meta/Alt-Del delete
to line end
Meta/Alt-Backspace delete to line begin
Meta/Alt-Right delete word to
the right
Meta/Alt-Left delete word
to the left
F5
copy highlighted text to cursor
F6
move highlighted text to cursor
F8
delete highlighted text
Ctrl-y
delete line
Shift-Enter
insert a newline
Enter
insert a newline with auto indent (default)
Tab
insert a tab (see options menu)
Insert
toggle insert/overwrite
Ctrl-q
quote – the next key pressed will be interpreted as a literal
Undo:
Ctrl-u
Ctrl-Backspace

File
Ctrl-F1
man page
F2
save
F12 or
Shift-F2
save as
Ctrl-o
load

Ctrl-j
jump to file under cursor
Ctrl-n
new
Ctrl-f
save highlighted text as
Shift-F5 or
F15
insert file at cursor

Mark:
F3
toggle highlight
Ctrl-b
toggle highlight columns

Search and replace:
F7
search
F17 or
Shift-F7
search again
F4
replace
F14 or
Shift-F4
replace again

X Clipboard:
Ctrl-Ins
copy to clipboard
Shift-Ins
paste to clipboard
Shift-Delete cut
to clipboard
Ctrl-Delete
delete highlighted text
Meta/Alt-Ins insert
from selection history

General:
F10
exit (current editor)
Ctrl-F3
new edit window
Shift-F3
new main window
Alt-F6
maximise the window
Ctrl-F6
window cycle
Ctrl-F10
exit application
Meta/Alt-x
save all and exit
Ctrl-F2
save state of desktop
Ctrl-d
insert date and time
Meta/Alt-l
goto line number
Meta/Alt-F7
run make
Meta/Alt-t
sort
Ctrl-r
start/end record macro
Ctrl-a
execute macro
Ctrl-p
spell check highlighted text
Shift-F9
C formatter
Ctrl-Tab
complete word
Meta/Alt-i
insert unicode character

You can learn mcedit keymap from the menu and from the bottom bar labels. There are five function keys that you need to be aware
of to use mcedit:

  • F1 hypertext help (it’s primitive as hell, they do not reuse mc help format for some reason, but important to try)
  • F2 to save. Shift-F2 to save under a new name
  • F7 search
  • F9 (
    important to try)
  • F10 to quit.
  • F11 user menu (important to try and to learn how to use)

At the top of the editor there is an information like. It consists of four elements:

  1. Name of the file,
  2. Four flags in square brackets:
    1. Block selection,
    2. Modification(s) to the file are made
    3. Macro
    4. Overwrite mode is active instead of insert mode.
  3. Current line number
  4. Additional info

The editor has top menu which occupies the same space as information line and is normally hidden If you click anywhere in the information
line with the mouse or press F9 and the information line will be replaced by the top menu.

See also  How to fix OpenGL error

It provides interesting capabilities, including the ability to insert the content of the file under cursor. Top menu has six
tabs:

  1. File
    • Insert file — allow insert file into position after cursor. cursor position will not change and will point to symbol before
      insertion point.
    • Copy to file. copy selected block to mcedit.clip
    • User menu — allow to edit user menu
  2. Edit
    • Copy to clip file. Copy the current selection to clip file.
    • Paste from clip file. Paste the current selection after the current cursor position. The cursor position does not change.
  3. Search
    • Search, Search again and Replace.
    • Toggle bookmark, next bookmark, prev bookmark and flush bookmark.
  4. Command
    • Alt-L – goto the line
    • Alt-N — put numbers column at left
    • Alt-B — Go to matching bracket
    • Ctrl-S — toggle syntax highlighting. Useful if with current background some elements are not visible or barely visible.
    • Working with macros
      • Ctrl-R — Start/Strop recording macro
      • Delete macro
      • Record/Repeat last action. This is a kind of nameless action creation. First you can enter arbitrary keystrokes,
        then enter this menu item again and will be asked the number of repartitions. Them this nameless macro will be executed specified
        number of times.
  5. Format
    • Alt-U — insert the result of execution of the script of pipe in the place before the cursor.
  6. Options
    • General. Among other things allow to replace tab with spaces and specify number of space per tab
    • Save options. allow to specify extension for backup files (default is ~)
    • Learn keys. Can correct some small “misunderstandings” connected with your terminal program. Generally useless.
    • Syntax highlighting. Allows to specify or modify existing syntax highlighting. For example if you prefer light background.
    • Menu file. Allows to edit either local or user menu:
      • ~/.cedit.menu ( local mcedit menu)
      • ~/.mc/cedit/menu ( user level mcedit menu). Location can be different, for example Cygwin uses ~/.config/mc/mcedit/menu

Block selection mode is activated by pressing F3. After that you can select the block using arrow keys. Typing F3 again to
“freeze” the block. At this point it is already copied to the clipboard. Now you can move the cursor to the point where you want to
copy/move it and either click mouse on appropriate button at the bottom bar or press the appropriate keyboard shortcut (F5
– copy, F6 — move F8 delete).

You can select block of text with mouse. But in version 4.8.20 this functionality works for selected emulators and environments.
In Teraterm if you press F3 to
freeze the block it is not copied and F5 does not copy anything. the only operation that words is duplication of selected text using F5 while test is still highlighted.

Simple “key for key” undo (Ctrl-U) and (in version 4.8) redo are available. Both functions are also available from
top menu.

Editor has DOS-style “text block highlighting” mode (toggled by F3) in which arrow keys perform text highlighting. Any selection
is copied to ~/.mc/cedit/cooledit.clip using copy of cut operation.

  • Ctrl-Ins copies the selection to the file ~/.mc/cedit/cooledit.clip,
  • Shift-Ins pastes from ~/.mc/cedit/cooledit.clip,
  • Shift-Del cuts to ~/.mc/cedit/cooledit.clip,
  • Ctrl-Del deletes highlighted text.

File ~/.mc/cedit/cooledit.clip, is very important as it can by preprocessed by pipe defined in User menu
and then put back using paste operation. This is kind of poor man implementation of ! operation in vi/vim with additional
twist due to existence of user menu.

Mouse highlighting works on linux console (and Cygwin console) and Teraterm. It also works in xterm.

Please note that mcedit doesn’t share the clipboard with Teraterm, as Teraterm exists is different (Windows) operating environment
and is connected to the Linux box via SSH or telnet.

The User menu ( F11 or F9/Options/menu ) displays commands contained

  • ~/.cedit.menu ( local mcedit menu)
  • ~/.mc/cedit/menu ( user level mcedit menu). Locaton can be different, for example Cygwin uses ~/.config/mc/mcedit/menu
  • /etc/mc/cedit.menu ( global mcedit menu)

To edit user menu use F9/Options/menu or F11

You can use macros similar to panel user menu in editor user menu:

  • %c The cursor column position number. For edit menu only.
  • %i The indent of blank space, equal the cursor column position. For edit menu only.
  • %y The syntax type of current file. For edit menu only.
  • %b The block file name.
  • %f The current file name.
  • %n Only the current file name without extension.
  • %x The extension of current file name.
  • %d The current directory name.
  • %F The current file in the unselected panel.
  • %D The directory name of the unselected panel.
  • %t The currently tagged files.
  • %T The tagged files in the unselected panel.

User has the ability to create his own templates and insert them into the text. Four templates are provided by default: Perl, shell
and “universal” (I removed C-template to make quote less verbose):

#----------------------- Begin [perl] language template -----------------------
+ y Perl Program | f .pl$
1       Creator description header
        unset LANG
	unset LANGUAGE
	LC_ALL=
	MY_UID="`id | sed 's/^.*uid=([^(]*).*$/1/'`"
	AUTHOR="`awk -F: '$3 == '$MY_UID' {print $5}' /etc/passwd`"
        cat >>%b <
        # Created at: `date`
        # Pc: `uname -n`
        # System: `uname -sr` on `uname -m`
        #   
        # Copyright (c) `date +%%Y` $AUTHOR  All rights reserved.
        #
        #----------------------------------------------------------------------
        # Configure part:
       
        #----------------------------------------------------------------------
        #
        # major()
       
        EOF

+ y Perl Program | f .pl$
2       whereas ()
        cat < %b
        %iwhile() {
        %i}
        EOF

... ... ...
#----------------------- Finish [perl] language template -------------------------

#---------------------- Start [shell] language template -----------------------


... ... ...

+ y Shell Script | f .sh$
6       case
        NUMBER=%{ Enter quantity parts of case:}
        cat < %b
        %icase "$" in
        EOF
        whereas [ "$NUMBER" -gt 0 ]
        do
        cat <> %b
        %i)
	%i    ;;
        EOF
        let NUMBER=$NUMBER-1   
        carried out
        cat <> %b
        %i*)
        %iesac
        EOF
... ... ...
#----------------------- Finish [shell] language template ------------------------
... ... ... 
#------------------------- Start unknown template -----------------------------
s       #! /bin/sh
        echo "#! /bin/sh" >%b
p       #! /usr/bin/perl
        echo "#! /usr/bin/perl" >%b
a       Creator description header
        unset LANG
	unset LANGUAGE
	LC_ALL=
	MY_UID="`id | sed 's/^.*uid=([^(]*).*$/1/'`"
	AUTHOR="`awk -F: '$3 == '$MY_UID' {print $5}' /etc/passwd`"
        cat >>%b <
        Created at: `date`
        Pc: `uname -n`
        System: `uname -sr` on `uname -m`
       
        Copyright (c) `date +%%Y` $AUTHOR  All rights reserved.
        ----------------------------------------------------------------------
               
        EOF
#--------------------------- Finish unknown template -----------------------------

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

#----------------------- Start frequent part ---------------------------------
I       Insert `Changelog' string
        DATE="`date +%%Y-%%m-%%d`"
	MY_UID="`id | sed 's/^.*uid=([^(]*).*$/1/'`"
	AUTHOR="`awk -F: '$3 == '$MY_UID' {print $5}' /etc/passwd`"
        EMAIL="<$REPLYTO>"
        echo "$DATE  $AUTHOR  $EMAIL" >%b

s       Invoke `shell'
	sh

m       view `man'
        MAN=%{Enter identify of man:}
        TMPFILE=`mktemp ${MC_TMPDIR:-/tmp}/mcview.$MAN.XXXXXX` || exit 1
        man -Pcat $MAN >$TMPFILE
        mcview $TMPFILE
        rm -f $TMPFILE
               
i       Insert a out of command to cursor.
        CMD=%{ Enter command: }
    	eval $CMD > %b

o       Open bash to subsequent free console
        open -s -- /bin/bash
#-------------------------- Finish of frequent part -----------------------------

mcedit helps syntax highlighting. Because of this key phrases and contexts (like C feedback, string constants, and so on) are highlighted
in numerous colours. The next part explains the format of the file ~/.mc/cedit/Syntax. If this file is lacking, system-wide
/usr/share/mc/syntax/Syntax is used. The file ~/.mc/cedit/Syntax is rescanned on opening of a any new editor file. The
file comprises guidelines for highlighting, every of which is given on a separate line, and outline which key phrases will likely be highlighted to what
shade.

The file is split into sections, every starting with a line with the file command. The sections are usually put into separate
information utilizing the embrace command.

The default colours could also be modified by appending to the MC_COLOR_TABLE surroundings variable. Foreground and background colours
pairs could also be specified for instance with:

MC_COLOR_TABLE="$MC_COLOR_TABLE:
editnormal=lightgray,black:
editbold=yellow,black:
editmarked=black,cyan"

mcedit understands tags information created by etags or ctags instructions. If there isn’t any file TAGS code navigation
wouldn’t work. In instance, in case of exuberant-ctags for C language command will likely be:

ctags -e --language-force=C -R ./ 

There are three major key for navigation utilizing ctags:

  • Alt-Enter present checklist field to pick merchandise beneath cursor (cursor ought to stand at finish of phrase).
  • Alt-Minus the place minus is image “-” go to earlier operate in navigation checklist (like a browser Again).
  • Alt-Equal the place equal is image “=” go to subsequent operate in navigation checklist (like a browser Ahead).

To outline a macro, press Ctrl-R after which sort out the keys you wish to be executed. Press Ctrl-R once more when completed.
You’ll be able to then assign the macro to any key you want by urgent that key. The macro is executed while you press Ctrl-A after which
the assigned key. The macro can also be executed if you happen to press Meta, Ctrl, or Esc and the assigned key, offered that the secret’s not used
for some other operate. The macro instructions are saved within the file ~/.mc/cedit/cooledit.macros. Do NOT edit this file if you’re
going to make use of macros once more in the identical modifying session, as a result of mcedit caches macro key defines in reminiscence. mcedit now overwrites
a macro if a macro with the identical key already exists, so you will not need to edit this file. Additionally, you will need to restart different working
editors for macros to take impact.

F19 will format C, C++, Java or HTML code when it’s highlighted. An executable file referred to as ~/.mc/cedit/edit.indent.rc
will likely be created for you from the default template. Be happy to edit it if you happen to want.

The editor helps spellchecking., You’ll be able to spell verify all textual content, chosen fragment of phrase beneath cursor.

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Extremely really helpful!
That is an editor just like FDE and can be utilized as exterior editor for MC
Might 10, 2021 | os.ghalkes.nl

Tilde is a textual content editor for the console/terminal, which offers an intuitive interface for
individuals accustomed to GUI environments reminiscent of Gnome, KDE and Home windows. For instance, the
short-cut to repeat the present choice is Management-C, and to stick the beforehand copied textual content
the short-cut Management-V can be utilized. As one other instance, the File menu will be accessed by
urgent Meta-F.

Nonetheless, being a terminal-based program there are limitations. Not all terminals present
enough info to the shopper packages to make Tilde behave in essentially the most intuitive means.
When that is the case, Tilde offers work-arounds which ought to be simple to work with.

The principle viewers for Tilde is customers who usually work in GUI environments, however generally
require an editor for a console/terminal surroundings. This can be as a result of the pc in
query is a server which doesn’t present a GUI, or is accessed remotely over SSH. Tilde
permits these customers to edit information with out having to study a very new interface, reminiscent of vi
or Emacs do. A results of this selection is that Tilde won’t present all the flamboyant options that
Vim or Emacs present, however solely essentially the most used options.

Information Tilde model
1.1.2 launched

This launch fixes a bug the place Tilde would discard learn traces earlier than an invalid character,
whereas requested to proceed studying.

23-Might-2020

Tilde model 1.1.1 launched

This launch fixes a construct failure on C++14 and later compilers

12-Dec-2019

Mar 05, 2020 | frankhesse.wordpress.com

the Midnight Commander’s built-in editor turned out to be. Beneath is likely one of the options of
mc 4.7, specifically the usage of the ctags / etags utilities along with mcedit to navigate via
the code.

Code Navigation
Coaching
Assist for this performance appeared in mcedit from model 4.7.0-pre1.
To make use of it, you have to index the listing with the mission utilizing the ctags or etags utility,
for this you have to run the next instructions:

$ cd /dwelling/person/tasks/myproj
$ discover . -type f -name "*.[ch]" | etags -lc --declarations -

or
$ discover . -type f -name "*.[ch]" | ctags --c-kinds=+p --fields=+iaS --extra=+q -e
-L-

‘)

me
marginwidth=

After the utility completes, a TAGS file will seem within the root listing of our mission,
which mcedit will use.
Nicely, virtually all that must be carried out to ensure that mcedit to search out the definition of the
capabilities of variables or properties of the article beneath research.

Utilizing
Think about that we have to decide the place the place the definition of the locked property
of an edit object is situated in some supply code of a moderately giant mission.


/* Succesful, so unlock each information */
if (different_filename) {
if (save_lock)
edit_unlock_file (exp);
if (edit->locked)
edit->locked = edit_unlock_file (edit->filename);
} else

me
marginwidth=

To do that, put the cursor on the finish of the phrase locked and press alt + enter
, an inventory of attainable choices seems, as within the screenshot under.
image

After choosing the specified possibility, we get to the road with the definition.

Jan 01, 2014 | askubuntu.com

Ask Query Requested 9
years, 2 months in the past Lively
6 months in the past
Seen 123k occasions

https://tpc.googlesyndication.com/safeframe/1-0-37/html/container.html

sdu ,

Utilizing ubuntu 10.10 the editor in mc (midnight commander) is nano. How am i able to change to the
inside mc editor (mcedit)?

Isaiah ,

Press the next keys so as, one after the other:

  1. F9 Prompts the highest menu.
  2. o Selects the Choice menu.
  3. c Opens the configuration dialog.
  4. i Toggles the use inside edit possibility.
  5. s Saves your preferences.

Hurnst , 2014-06-21 02:34:51

Run MC as standard. On the command line proper above the underside row of menu picks sort
select-editor . This could open a menu with an inventory of all your put in
editors. That is working for me on all my present linux machines.

, 2010-12-09 18:07:18

You too can change the usual editor. Open a terminal and kind this command:

sudo update-alternatives --config editor

You’ll get an checklist of the put in editors in your system, and you’ll selected your
favourite.

AntonioK , 2015-01-27 07:06:33

If you wish to go away mc and system settings as it’s now, you might simply run it like

$ EDITOR=mcedit

> ,

Open Midnight Commander, go to Choices -> Configuration and verify “use internal editor”
Hit save and you might be carried out.

Notable quotes:
“… IF you’re using putty in either Xorg or Windows (i.e terminal within a gui) , it’s possible to use the “typical” right-click copy/paste behavior while in mc. Hold the shift key while you mark/copy. …”
“… Putty has ability to copy-paste. In mcedit, hold Shift and select by mouse …”
Jun 18, 2018 | superuser.com

Den ,Mar 1, 2015
at 22:50

I exploit Midnight Commander
(MC)
editor over putty to edit information

I wish to know the right way to copy textual content from one file, shut it then open one other file and paste
it?

If it isn’t attainable with Midnight Commander, is there one other simple strategy to copy and paste
particular textual content from totally different information?

szkj ,Mar 12,
2015 at 22:40

I’d do it like this:

  1. change to dam choice mode by urgent F3
  2. choose a block
  3. change off block choice mode with F3
  4. press Ctrl+F which can open Save block dialog
  5. press Enter to reserve it to the default location
  6. open the opposite file within the editor, and navigate to the goal location
  7. press Shift+F5 to open Insert file dialog
  8. press Enter to stick from the default file location (which is similar because the
    one in Save block dialog)

NOTE: There are different surroundings associated strategies, that might be extra typical
these days, however the above one doesn’t depend upon any desktop surroundings associated clipboard,
(terminal emulator options, putty, Xorg, and so on.). This can be a pure mcedit function which works
in every single place.

Andrejs ,Apr
28, 2016 at 8:13

To repeat: (maintain) Shift + Choose with mouse (copies to clipboard)

To stick in home windows: Ctrl+V

To stick in one other file in PuTTY/MC: Shift + Ins

  • Different
    hotkeys right here
    .
  • Midnight Commander
    tutorial right here
    .

Piotr
Dobrogost
,Mar 30, 2017 at 17:32

In case you get undesirable indents in what was pasted then whereas modifying file in Midnight Commander
press F9 to indicate high menu and in menu uncheck possibility. Sure, I used to be joyful when I discovered it too 🙂 – Piotr Dobrogost
Mar 30 ’17 at 17:32

mcii-1962
,Might 26, 2015 at 13:17

IF you are utilizing putty in both Xorg or Home windows (i.e terminal inside a gui) , it is attainable
to make use of the “conventional” right-click copy/paste conduct whereas in mc. Maintain the shift key
whilst you mark/copy.

Eden ,Feb 15,
2017 at 4:09

  1. Maintain down the Shift key, and drag the mouse via the textual content you wish to
    copy. The textual content’s background will develop into darkish orange.
  2. Launch the Shift key and press Shift + Ctrl +
    c . The textual content will likely be copied.
  3. Now you’ll be able to paste the textual content to wherever you need by urgent Shift +
    Ctrl + v , even to the brand new web page in MC.

xoid ,Jun 6,
2016 at 6:37

Putty has potential to copy-paste. In mcedit, maintain Shift and choose by mouse

mcii-1962
,Jun 20, 2016 at 23:01

LOL – did you truly learn the opposite solutions? And your reply is incomplete, you must
embrace what to do with the mouse with a view to “select by mouse”.

In response to assist in MC:

Ctrl + Insert copies to the mcedit.clip, and Shift +
Insert pastes from mcedit.clip.

It would not work for me, by some purpose, however by urgent F9 you get a menu,
Edit > Copy to clipfile – labored effective.

[Jun 18, 2018] My Favourite Device – Midnight Commander by Colin Sauze

Notable quotes:
“… “what did I just press and what did it do?” …”
“… Underneath it’s got lots of powerful features like syntax highlighting, bracket matching, regular expression search and replace, and spell checking. …”
“… I use Mcedit for most of my day-to-day text editing, although I do switch to heavier weight GUI-based editors when I need to edit lots of files at once. …”
Jun 18, 2018 | software-carpentry.org

I’ve all the time hated the Vi vs Emacs holy struggle that many Unix customers prefer to wage and I
discover that each editors have severe shortcomings and undoubtedly aren’t one thing I might suggest
a newbie use. Pico and Nano are actually simpler to make use of, however they all the time a really feel a bit missing
in options and clunky to me.

Mcedit runs from the command line however has a vibrant GUI-like interface, you should utilize the
mouse if you would like, however I typically do not.

In case you’re sufficiently old to have used DOS, then it’s extremely harking back to the “edit” textual content editor
that was constructed into MS-DOS 5 and 6, besides it is stuffed with highly effective options that also make it a
sensible choice in 2018. It has a pleasant intuitive interface based mostly across the F keys on
the keyboard and a pull-down menu which will be accessed by urgent F9 .

It is very easy to make use of and also you’re informed about all a very powerful key combos on
display and the remainder can all be found from the menus. I discover this far nicer than Vi or
Emacs the place I’ve to continually lookup key combos or press a key by mistake after which
have the dreaded “what did I just press and what did it do?” thought.

Beneath it is received plenty of highly effective options like syntax highlighting, bracket
matching, common expression search and substitute, and spell checking.

I exploit Mcedit for many of my day-to-day textual content modifying, though I do change to heavier
weight GUI-based editors after I have to edit plenty of information directly. I simply want extra
individuals knew about it after which it is perhaps put in by default on extra of the shared programs
and HPCs that I’ve to make use of!

Jun 17, 2018 | www.nawaz.org

Deciding on Textual content

  • {F3} to pick some textual content, {F3} once more to cease choosing.
    • {F5} to repeat chosen textual content elsewhere
    • {F8} to delete chosen textual content

images/editmark.png

  • {Ctrl-u} to undo
  • {Alt-r} to redo
  • Clipboard:
    • {Ctrl-Ins} to repeat
    • {Shift-Del} to chop
    • {Shift-Ins} to stick

3.2.3 Navigation

  • Textual content
    • {Alt-b} to leap to matching bracket, brace or parenthesis
    • {Alt-k} to bookmark line
    • {Alt-j} and {Alt-i} to navigate to subsequent/earlier bookmark
    • {Alt-o} to clear bookmarks
    • {Alt-l} to leap to line
    • {Alt-n} to show line numbers (see picture on proper)
  • Picture

    images/editlines.png

3.2.4 Changing Textual content

  • {F4} to interchange textual content

images/editreplace.png

  • {F7} to go looking — similar dialog as with viewing

3.2.5 Saving

  • {F2} to avoid wasting the present file
  • {F12} to avoid wasting as a brand new file:

images/editsaveas.png 3.2.6 Syntax
Highlighting

  • Helps syntax highlighting:

images/edithighlight.png

  • {Ctrl-s} to allow if not already enabled

3.2.7 Extra Choices

  • Textual content
    • {F9} to get a drop down menu
    • Numerous goodies within the menus
  • Picture

    images/editmenu.png

3.2.8 Some Feedback about Enhancing

  • I am impressed with how many individuals I’ve met who recurrently the editor, however have
    by no means heard of Midnight Commander.

    • It may be launched by typing on the command line.
  • I exploit it largely for fast and soiled edits.
  • You can also make an exterior editor your default:
    • From the principle menu, , after which enables you to disable
      the inner editor.
Jun 13, 2018 | www.queryxchange.com

by
user2252728
Final Up to date Might 15, 2015 11:14 AM

The issue

I am utilizing tmux and I need MC to open information for modifying in one other tmux window, in order that I can
hold shopping information whereas modifying.

What I’ve tried

MC checks if EDITOR variable is about after which interprets it as a program for modifying, so if I
do export EDITOR=vim then MC will use vim to open information.

I’ve tried to construct on that:

operate foo () { tmux new-window "vim $1"; }
export EDITOR=foo

If I do $EDITOR some_file then I get the file open in vim in one other tmux
home windows – precisely what I needed.

Sadly, when I attempt to edit in MC it goes clean for a second after which returns to regular MC
window. MC would not appear to maintain any logs and I do not get any error message.

The query(s)

  • Have you learnt what I am doing mistaken?
  • Do you might have a usable workaround for what I need?
  • Ought to I create a function request/bug for MC?

Tags : midnight-commander

Solutions 1

You’re defining a shell operate, which is unknown for mc when it’s making an attempt to
begin the editor.

The right means is to create a bash script, not a operate. Then set EDITOR
worth to it, for instance:

$ cat ~/myEditor.sh
#!/bin/sh
tmux new-window "vim $1"

export EDITOR=~/myEditor.sh
Opening one other file in editor will create the second window. You’ll be able to checklist home windows utilizing
F9/Window/Listing
That permits to repeat and paste picks to totally different information whereas in editor
Jun 13, 2018 | www.unix.com

Many individuals do not know that mc has a multi-window text-editor built-in (eerily disabled by
default) with macro functionality and all kinds of goodies. run

mc -e my.txt

to edit instantly.

To outline a macro, press Ctrl-R after which sort out the keystrokes you wish to be executed..
Press Ctrl-R once more when completed..
You'll be able to then assign the macro to any key you..
        like by urgent that key..
The macro is executed  by: Ctrl-A after which the assigned key.
===========
The easy instance is to delete all "=" [from current cursor - forward].
The <F4>=<Exchange> operate of mcedit is the premise of the macro.
So:
Ctrl-r
 <f4> = <ca. 9 tabs> o l <enter>
 <should key to take away immediate which Falsely declares '5 replacemnets made'>
Ctrl-r
=========

[Mar 14, 2016] Ctrl+w clears the editboxes and Meta+h triggers the historical past drop-down

[Jan 18, 2015] how am i able to create file in mc? shift+f4 not working

1/13/2015 | Andrew Samoilov
Hiya,

Use F9 - Choices - Study Keys.

P.S. If Shift-F4 is transfer file for you, use Shift-F2

On Mon, Jan 12, 2015 at 3:30 PM, Mike Smithson <mdooligan@gmail.com> wrote:
 Message: 2
Date: Wed, 24 Dec 2014 20:47:07 +0600
From: "Igor" 
To: mc-devel@gnome.org
Topic: error or i do not understend some factor
Message-ID:
        <CANxHswzE4u0Ty_f-oXSsmSozKUWHtYY2PLVoa9tViHdRC-
4r_g@mail.gmail.com>
Content material-Sort: textual content/plain; charset="utf-8"

good day, my identify is Igor i've a query

how am i able to create file in mc? shift+f4 not working

now i utilizing echo > flie.identify in terminal mode(ctrl+o)

mc model 4.8.11

os ubuntu 14.04


shift+F4 is "move file" for me. If I wish to edit a brand new file
I sort "vim file" and hit enter. After that F4 will edit it if
it exists. "touch file" will even create new empty file (simpler
to sort than "echo > file).

--
Peace and Cheer
  • Multieditor: (#2261,

    #2839
    )

    It could be good if editor might open a number of information concurrently in a single window. Window might be cut up up vertically or
    horizontally. And it could be excellent if one might use copy/transfer/paste capabilities (F5/F6) between these information with out utilizing
    intermediate clipboard file ~/.mc/mcedit/cooledit.clip

  • Aspell assist for spell verify (#2788)

Inner editor’s bookmarks are persistent now and never misplaced after exit from the editor. They’re saved in ~/.mc/filepos file (#2287)

Command
default hotkey

No-Command
Empty motion

Ignore-Key
Empty motion

BackSpace
Deleting the character to the left of the cursor

Delete
Deleting the character to the fitting of the cursor

Enter
New line

Web page-Up
transfer up by one web page

d>
transfer down by one web page

Left
transfer left by one character

Proper
transfer proper by one character

Phrase-Left
transfer left by one phrase

Phrase-Proper
transfer proper by one phrase

Up
transfer up by one line

Down
transfer down by one line

Residence
transfer to start of line

Finish
transfer to finish of line

Tab
tabulation

Undo
Undo operation

Starting-Of-Textual content
transfer to start of textual content

Finish-Of-Textual content
transfer to finish of textual content

Scroll-Up
scroll up

Scroll-Down
scroll down

Return
???Return???

Start-Web page
transfer to start of display

Finish-Web page
transfer to finish of display

Delete-Phrase-Left
Deleting the phrase to the left of the cursor

Delete-Phrase-Proper
Deleting the phrase to the fitting of the cursor

Paragraph-Up
transfer up by one paragraph

Paragraph-Down
transfer down by one paragraph

Save
save present file

Load
open file

New
create new file

Save-as
save present file with one other identify

Mark
mark of textual content

Copy
copying of marked textual content

Transfer
shifting of marked textual content

Take away
deleting of marked textual content

Unmark
unmark of textual content

Save-Block
save marked textual content into file

Column-Mark
vertical mark of textual content

Discover
name of ‘search’ dialog window

Discover-Once more
proceed search

Exchange
name of ‘substitute’ dialog window

Exchange-Once more
proceed substitute

Full-Phrase
autocompletions of phrases

Insert-File
insert textual content from file

Exit
Exit from editor

Toggle-Insert
toggle insert/override edit mode

Assist
name of assist window

Date
insert present date

Refresh
refresh display

Goto
Go to line

Delete-Line
delete present line

Delete-To-Line-Finish
delete from cursor place to finish of line

Delete-To-Line-Start
delete from cursor place to start of line

Man-Web page

Kind
Sorting of marked textual content

Mail

Cancel
cancel motion

Full

Paragraph-Format
formatting of paragraphs

Util Sort-Load-Python

Discover-File
name ‘file search’ dialog windos

Ctags

Match-Bracket
search paired brackets

Terminal Terminal-App ExtCmd

Person-Menu
name of user-defined menu

Save-Desktop New-Window Cycle Menu Save-And-Give up Run-One other Examine-Save-And-Give up Maximize Start-File-Macro Finish-File-Macro
Delete-Macro

Toggle-Bookmark
create/take away bookmark

Flush-Bookmarks
delete all bookmarks

Subsequent-Bookmark
go to subsequent bookmark

Prev-Bookmark
go to earlier bookmark

Web page-Up-Spotlight Web page-Down-Spotlight Left-Spotlight Proper-Spotlight Phrase-Left-Spotlight Phrase-Proper-Spotlight Up-Spotlight Down-Spotlight
Residence-Spotlight Finish-Spotlight Starting-Of-Textual content-Spotlight Finish-Of-Text_Highlight Start-Web page-Spotlight Finish-Web page-Spotlight Scroll-Up-Spotlight
Scroll-Down-Spotlight Paragraph-Up-Spotlight Paragraph-Down-Spotlight

XStore
save marked textual content into ~/.mc/cedit/cooledit.clip file

XCut
reduce marked textual content and save into ~/.mc/cedit/cooledit.clip file

XPaste
insert textual content from ~/.mc/cedit/cooledit.clip file

Choice-Historical past Shell Choose-Codepage Insert-Literal Execute-Macro Start-or-Finish-Macro Ext-mode Focus-Subsequent Focus-Prev Top-Inc
Top-Dec Make Error-Subsequent Error-Prev

Debug-Begin Debug-Cease Debug-Toggle-Break Debug-Clear Debug-Subsequent Debug-Step Debug-Again-Hint Debug-Proceed Debug-Enter-Command
Debug-Till-Curser

On Mon, 15 Oct 2012, Martin Mísa? wrote:

I do all my coding in mcedit, I often have about 8 home windows with mc opened
and copying between them is vital to me. I often use shift-mouse technique.

When there was first launch of MC the place invisible characters ("Seen
trailing areas" and "Seen tabs") was current I turned them off due this
mouse copy(-paste) downside.

Is it attainable to detect shift-mousepress and change them off robotically
and after copying change them on once more? Or do it within the copy buffer to keep away from
redrawing of the display on sluggish terminals?

I additionally turned off "Return does autoindent" additionally due (copy-)paste downside.
Possibly it additionally might be detected that paste was carried out (shift-middlepress) and
swith autoindent off for that second...

Each these capabilities helps and I'd use them, but when they breaks mouse
copy-paste which is vital to me, I've switched them off. I exploit mouse
copy-paste about twice/hour, generally extra.
Martin,

It appears to me that your downside is sort of just like mine, and I feel 
that, except somebody comes up with a fair higher thought to resolve the 
downside, you might have an excellent proposal for the answer. In fact, I 
would anticipate that neither of us are literally engaged on the MC code, so 
the implementation must be carried out by another person. All that we are able to 
do is to attempt to get somebody who does write the code to consider whether or not 
this can be a possible method.

Theodore Kilgore
  • From: “Yury V. Zaytsev” <yury shurup com>
  • To: Nikita1983 <nikita-aznaourian yandex ru>
  • Cc: mc-devel gnome org
  • Topic: Re: MC editor customization
  • Date: Thu, 09 Dec 2010 17:14:39 +0100
On Thu, 2010-12-09 at 06:38 -0800, Nikita1983 wrote:
> I wish to customise tab key in mc editor in order that it prints 4 areas as an alternative
> tab. How can I do it?

Sure. Take a look at editor choices. — Sincerely yours, Yury V. Zaytsev

Feb 5, 2005 | JNRowe

Warning

A few of the mcedit options are usually not out there if began from the command line, for instance the F11 person menu. So when
doubtful all the time begin it internally from mc.

… … …

Probably the greatest options of mcedit for my part is the actual fact many of the instructions you might wish to use are exterior. For
instance, urgent F19 (which you’ll have to press S-F9 to make use of relying in your keyboard and terminal setup) will reformat a file
for you based mostly on the contents of ~/.mc/cedit/edit.indent.rc. You’ll be able to add assist for XML
reformatting simply by modifying that file, my specific entry for xml-style information is as follows:

xml|xsl|gdi)
   xmllint --format $2 | asc2xml | unexpand --first-only -t 2 >$2.tmp
   [ -s $2.tmp ] && mv $2.tmp $2 || rm $2.tmp ;;

The checklist of supported syntax highlighting is spectacular, and including assist for extra syntax information is a straightforward sufficient process. The
format of the syntax information is described absolutely and usually simple to study, even when apparently slightly unusual at first.

It additionally options phrase completion within the editor, sort a part of a phrase adopted by Alt-Tab and the phrase will full. A pleasant benefit
when modifying XML information with the large repetition that usually entails.

Like each command line device it must assist transparency for my sweet must be met, and certain sufficient it does. My private
MC_COLOR_TABLE consists of the next to make use of good clear backgrounds within the editor. export MC_COLOR_TABLE=editnormal=,default
globally within the surroundings, or from the command line with mcedit -C editnormal=,default: to solely set it for a single occasion.

09-17-2008| linuxquestions.org

sanjay.krk

Rep: Configuring mc (midnight commander) for file modifying

——————————————————————————–

Hello All, I’m utilizing Fedora 7 with mc (midnight commander) as file supervisor. Each time I’m inside mc and I’ve to open a file
for modifying, I’ve to press F4 (or select edit from menu) for opening the file.

I wish to configure it such that I can open the file simply by urgent “Enter” after choosing the file names by arrow
keys. Additional I need the default editor to be vi or vim.

I’ll recognize any pointers.

norobro

Rep: Check out the file mc.ext

On my machine it resides in /usr/native/share/mc

however I compiled MC from supply so it might be elsewhere in your system.

For instance to open .cpp information with VI the entry is:

regex/.(C|cc|cpp)$
   Open=%var{EDITOR:vi} %f 

sanjay.krk

Thanks loads, All! Modifying the bindings file labored.

I added “vi” as default (proper on the backside).

1.8 What’s Python and its relevance to Cooledit?
Python is an object oriented scripting language. (It may be in comparison with Java however has a way more elegant
and intuative design.) It has essentially the most succinct, sensable and readable syntax of some other programming
language whether or not interpreted or compiled. It suites fast software improvement (RAD) as a result of it’s simple to study,
as a result of Python purposes are simple to keep up, and since it’s merely takes much less time to
do something in Python than with anything. In the identical means that Emacs makes use of lisp for writing extensions, and
Nedit has a macro programming language, Cooledit now will be customized programmed with Python. That is a particularly
highly effective addition, since all of Python’s many extensions can be found to Cooledit. The Python
dwelling web page is http://www.python.org/ Cooledit requires Python model 1.5

SYNTAX HIGHLIGHTING
(in cooledit) by Paul Sheer (psheer@obsidian.co.za)

SYNTAX HIGHLIGHTING

As of model 3.6.0, cooledit has syntax highlighting. Because of this key phrases and contexts (like C feedback, string constants,
and so on) are highlighted in numerous colors. The next part explains the format of the file ~/.cedit/syntax.

The file ~/.cedit/syntax is rescanned on opening of a any new editor file. The file comprises guidelines for highlighting, every of which
is given on a separate line, and outline which key phrases will likely be highlighted to what color. The file can also be divided into sections,
every starting with a line with the file command, adopted by a daily expression. The common expression dictates the file identify
that that algorithm applies to. Following this can be a description to be printed on the left of the editor window explaining the
file sort to the person. A 3rd elective argument is a daily expression to match the primary line of textual content of the file. If both the
file identify matches, or the primary line of textual content, then these guidelines will likely be loaded.

A bit ends with the beginning of a brand new part. Every part is split into contexts, and every context comprises guidelines. A context
is a scope inside the textual content {that a} specific algorithm belongs to. As an example, the area inside a C model remark (i.e. between
/* and */) has its personal color. This can be a context, though it can haven’t any additional guidelines inside it as a result of there’s in all probability nothing
that we would like highlighted inside a C remark.

A trivial C programming part would possibly appear like this:

file .*.c CsProgramsFile (#embrace|/*)

wholechars abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ_

# default colours

context default

key phrase entire if 24

key phrase entire else 24

key phrase entire for twenty-four

key phrase entire whereas 24

key phrase entire do 24

key phrase entire change 24

key phrase entire case 24

key phrase entire static 24

key phrase entire extern 24

key phrase { 14

key phrase } 14

key phrase ‘*’ 6

# C feedback

context /* */ 22

# C preprocessor directives

context linestart # n 18

key phrase n 24

# C string constants

context ” ” 6

key phrase %d 24

key phrase %s 24

key phrase %c 24

key phrase ” 24

Every context begins with a line of the shape:

context [exclusive] [whole|wholeright|wholeleft] [linestart] delim [linestart] delim [foreground] [background]

One exception is the primary context. It should begin with the command

context default [foreground] [background]

or else cooledit will return an error.

The linestart possibility dictates that delim should begin originally of a line.

The entire possibility tells that delim should be an entire phrase. What constitutes an entire phrase are a set of characters that may be modified
at any level within the file with the wholechars command. The wholechars command on the high simply units the set precisely to its default
and will subsequently have been omitted. To specify {that a} phrase should be entire on the left solely, you should utilize the wholeleft possibility, and
equally on the fitting. The left and proper set of characters will be set individually with,

wholechars [left|right] characters

The unique possibility causes the textual content between the delimiters to be highlighted, however not the delimiters themselves.

Every rule is a line of the shape:

key phrase [whole|wholeright|wholeleft] [linestart] string foreground [background]

Context or key phrase strings are interpreted in an effort to embrace tabs and areas with the sequences t and s. Newlines and
the are specified with n and respectively. Since whitespace is used as a separator, it will not be used explicitedly. Additionally,
* should be used to specify a *. The * itself is a wildcard that matches any size of characters. For instance,

key phrase ‘*’ 6

colors all C single character constants inexperienced. You could possibly even have used

key phrase “*” 6

to color string constants, besides that the matched string could not cross newlines. The wildcard could also be used inside context delimiters
as nicely, however you can’t have a wildcard because the final or first character.

Necessary to notice is the road

key phrase n 24

This line defines a key phrase containing the and newline characters. As a result of key phrases have a better priority than context delimiters,
this key phrase prevents the context from ending on the finish of a line if the road ends in a thus permitting C preprocessor directive
to proceed throughout a number of traces.

The colors themselves are numbered 0 to 26 and are defined under in FURTHER BEHAVIORAL OPTIONS. You too can use any of the
named colours laid out in /usr/lib/X11/rgb.txt, although just one phrase variations of them. It’s higher to stay to the numerical colours
to restrict use of the colour palette.

Feedback could also be included on a line of there personal and start with a #.

Due to the simplicity of the implementation, there are just a few intricacies that won’t be coped with accurately however these are
a minor irritation. On the entire, a broad spectrum of fairly difficult conditions are dealt with with these easy guidelines. It’s a good
thought to check out the syntax file to see a few of the nifty tips you are able to do with slightly creativeness. If you cannot get by
with the foundations I’ve coded, and also you suppose you might have a rule that may be helpful, please e-mail me together with your request. Nonetheless, don’t
ask for normal expression assist, as a result of that is flatly not possible.

A helpful trace is to work with as a lot as attainable with the issues you are able to do moderately than attempt to do issues that this implementation
cannot address. Additionally keep in mind that the goal of syntax highlighting is to make programming much less liable to error, to not make code look
fairly.

Jul 9, 1999 | linux.org.za

Dr R Paskaramoorthy

I exploit Paul Sheer’s cooledit program to course of Latex information and it’s
actually top-of-the-line editors out there for the Linux group.
I’m notably impressed by the choice in this system that permits
to create new scripts and edit current ones. To run Latex, they’re
actually helpful.

I’ve a few questions:

1. Is it attainable to alter the background and foreground colours?

2. Is it additionally attainable to alter the default font?

There’s nothing mistaken with the default ones. It’s simply that my eyes
are usually not what they was.

Lastly, I feel that this system may be very spectacular. If one or
maybe two buttons might be added to run Latex and Xdvi, it can
be much more engaging to the Latex customers.

Cheers
Moorthy

PS: Yet one more query. After I load one among my .tex information in cooledit
or xemacs, a ^M character is displayed on the finish of each line. The
information had been initially created and edited in Win95/98. Is there any
strategy to do away with them. I’ve over 500 such information and modifying them one
by one just isn’t an possibility.

Berend De Schouwer

for FILE in `ls` 
   do 
      cp $FILE /tmp/some-temp-file 
      cat /tmp/some-temp-file | tr -d "r" > $FILE 
   carried out	

Observe: If it breaks, you’re going to get the primary file 500 occasions 🙂

Google matched content material

Softpanorama Really helpful

[May 10, 2021] The Tilde Textual content Editor Revealed on Might 10, 2021 | os.ghalkes.nl

Mcedit

Inner

mcedit is a hyperlink to mc, the principle Midnight Commander executable. Executing Midnight Commander beneath this identify requests
staring the inner editor and opening the file specified on the command line. The editor is predicated on the terminal model
of cooledit – standalone editor for X Window System.

Choices

+lineno
Go to the road specified by quantity (don’t put an area between the + signal and the quantity).
-b
Pressure black and white show.
-c
Pressure ANSI shade mode on terminals that do not appear to have shade assist.
-C <key phrase>=<FGcolor>,<BGcolor>:<key phrase>= ...
Specify a unique shade set. See the Colours part in
mc
(1)
for extra info.
-d
Disable mouse assist.
-f
Show the compiled-in search path for Midnight Commander information information.
-t
Pressure utilizing termcap database as an alternative of terminfo. This feature is simply relevant if Midnight Commander was compiled with
S-Lang library with terminfo assist.
-V
Show the model of this system.
-x
Pressure xterm mode. Used when working on xterm-capable terminals (two display modes, and in a position to ship mouse escape sequences).

Options

The interior file editor is a full-featured full display editor. It could actually edit information as much as 64 megabytes. It’s attainable to edit binary
information. The options it presently helps are: block copy, transfer, delete, reduce, paste; key for key undo; pull-down menus; file insertion;
macro instructions; common expression search and substitute (and our personal scanf-printf search and substitute); shift-arrow textual content highlighting (if
supported by the terminal); insert-overwrite toggle; phrase wrap; autoindent; tunable tab measurement; syntax highlighting for varied file sorts;
and an choice to pipe textual content blocks via shell instructions like indent and ispell.

Keys

The editor is simple to make use of and can be utilized with out studying. The pull-down menu is invoked by urgent F9. You’ll be able to study different keys
from the menu and from the button bar labels.

Along with that, Shift mixed with arrows does textual content highlighting (if supported by the terminal): Ctrl-Ins copies to
the file ~/.mc/cedit/cooledit.clip, Shift-Ins pastes from ~/.mc/cedit/cooledit.clip, Shift-Del cuts to
~/.mc/cedit/cooledit.clip, and Ctrl-Del deletes highlighted textual content. Mouse highlighting additionally works on some terminals. To
use the usual mouse assist offered by your terminal, maintain the Shift key. Please word that the mouse assist within the terminal would not
share the clipboard with mcedit.

The completion key (often Alt-Tab or Escape Tab) completes the phrase beneath the cursor utilizing the phrases used earlier
within the file.

To outline a macro, press Ctrl-R after which sort out the keys you wish to be executed. Press Ctrl-R once more when completed.
You’ll be able to then assign the macro to any key you want by urgent that key. The macro is executed while you press Ctrl-A after which
the assigned key. The macro can also be executed if you happen to press Alt, Ctrl, or Esc and the assigned key, offered that the secret’s not used
for some other operate. The macro instructions are saved within the file ~/.mc/cedit/cooledit.macros. Do NOT edit this file if you’re
going to make use of macros once more in the identical modifying session, as a result of mcedit caches macro key defines in reminiscence. mcedit now overwrites
a macro if a macro with the identical key already exists, so you will not need to edit this file. Additionally, you will need to restart different working
editors for macros to take impact.

F19 will format C, C++, Java or HTML code when it’s highlighted. An executable file referred to as ~/.mc/cedit/edit.indent.rc
will likely be created for you from the default template. Be happy to edit it if you happen to want.

C-p will run ispell on a block of textual content in the same means. The script file will likely be referred to as ~/.mc/cedit/edit.spell.rc.

If some keys do not work, you should utilize Study Keys within the Choices menu.

Code Navigation

mcedit can be utilized to navigation via code with tags information created by etags or ctags instructions. If there isn’t any file TAGS
code navigation wouldn’t work. In instance, in case of exuberant-ctags for C language command will likely be:

ctags -e --language-force=C -R ./ 

Alt-Enter present checklist field to pick merchandise beneath cursor (cusor ought to stand at finish of phrase).

Alt-Minus the place minus is image “-” go to earlier operate in navigation checklist (like a browser Again).

Alt-Equal the place equal is image “=” go to subsequent operate in navigation checklist (like a browser Ahead).

Syntax Highlighting

mcedit helps syntax highlighting. Because of this key phrases and contexts (like C feedback, string constants, and so on) are highlighted
in numerous colours. The next part explains the format of the file ~/.mc/cedit/Syntax. If this file is lacking, system-wide
/usr/share/mc/syntax/Syntax is used. The file ~/.mc/cedit/Syntax is rescanned on opening of a any new editor file. The
file comprises guidelines for highlighting, every of which is given on a separate line, and outline which key phrases will likely be highlighted to what
shade.

The file is split into sections, every starting with a line with the file command. The sections are usually put into separate
information utilizing the embrace command.

The file command has three arguments. The primary argument is a daily expression that’s utilized to the file identify to find out
if the next part applies to the file. The second argument is the outline of the file sort. It’s utilized in cooledit;
future variations of mcedit could use it as nicely. The third elective argument is a daily expression to match the primary line of
textual content of the file. The principles within the following part apply if both the file identify or the primary line of textual content matches.

A bit ends with the beginning of one other part. Every part is split into contexts, and every context comprises guidelines. A context
is a scope inside the textual content {that a} specific algorithm belongs to. As an example, the textual content inside a C model remark (i.e. between
/* and */) has its personal shade. This can be a context, though it has no additional guidelines inside it as a result of there’s in all probability
nothing that we would like highlighted inside a C remark.

A trivial C programming part would possibly appear like this:

file .*.c CsProgramsFile (#embrace|/*)
wholechars abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ_
# default colours
outline  remark   brown
context default
  key phrase  entire  if       yellow
  key phrase  entire  else     yellow
  key phrase  entire  for      yellow
  key phrase  entire  whereas    yellow
  key phrase  entire  do       yellow
  key phrase  entire  change   yellow
  key phrase  entire  case     yellow
  key phrase  entire  static   yellow
  key phrase  entire  extern   yellow
  key phrase         {        brightcyan
  key phrase         }        brightcyan
  key phrase         '*'      inexperienced
# C feedback
context /* */ remark
# C preprocessor directives
context linestart # n crimson
  key phrase  n  brightred
# C string constants
context " " inexperienced
  key phrase  %d    brightgreen
  key phrase  %s    brightgreen
  key phrase  %c    brightgreen
  key phrase  "   brightgreen

Every context begins with a line of the shape:

context [exclusive] [whole|wholeright|wholeleft] [linestart] delim [linestart]
delim [foreground] [background]

The primary context is an exception. It should begin with the command

context default [foreground] [background]

in any other case mcedit will report an error. The linestart possibility specifies that delim should begin originally
of a line. The entire possibility tells that delim should be an entire phrase. To specify {that a} phrase should start on the phrase
boundary solely on the left aspect, you should utilize the wholeleft possibility, and equally a phrase that should finish on the phrase boundary is
specified by wholeright.

The set of characters that represent an entire phrase will be modified at any level within the file with the wholechars command. The
left and proper set of characters will be set individually with

wholechars [left|right] characters

The unique possibility causes the textual content between the delimiters to be highlighted, however not the delimiters themselves.

Every rule is a line of the shape:

key phrase [whole|wholeright|wholeleft] [linestart] string foreground [background]

Context or key phrase strings are interpreted, in an effort to embrace tabs and areas with the sequences t and s. Newlines and backslashes
are specified with n and respectively. Since whitespace is used as a separator, it will not be used as is. Additionally, * should be used
to specify an asterisk. The * itself is a wildcard that matches any size of characters. For instance,

key phrase         '*'      inexperienced

colours all C single character constants inexperienced. You additionally might use

key phrase         "*"      inexperienced

to paint string constants, however the matched string wouldn’t be allowed to span throughout a number of newlines. The wildcard could also be used
inside context delimiters as nicely, however you can’t have a wildcard because the final or first character.

Necessary to notice is the road

key phrase  n  brightgreen

This line defines a key phrase containing the backslash and newline characters. For the reason that key phrases are matched earlier than the context delimiters,
this key phrase prevents the context from ending on the finish of the traces that finish in a backslash, thus permitting C preprocessor directive
to proceed throughout a number of traces.

The p brown, yellow, blue, brightblue, magenta, brightmagenta, cyan, brightcyan, lightgray and white. If the syntax file is shared
with cooledit, it’s attainable to specify totally different colours for mcedit and cooledit by separating them with a slash,
e.g.

key phrase  #embrace  crimson/Orange

mcedit makes use of the colour earlier than the slash. See cooledit(1) for supported cooledit colours.

Feedback could also be placed on a separate line beginning with the hash signal (#).

Due to the simplicity of the implementation, there are just a few intricacies that won’t be handled accurately however these are
a minor irritation. On the entire, a broad spectrum of fairly difficult conditions are dealt with with these easy guidelines. It’s a good
thought to check out the syntax file to see a few of the nifty tips you are able to do with slightly creativeness. In case you can not get by with
the foundations I’ve coded, and also you suppose you might have a rule that may be helpful, please e-mail me together with your request. Nonetheless, don’t ask for
common expression assist, as a result of that is flatly not possible.

A helpful trace is to work with as a lot as attainable with the issues you are able to do moderately than attempt to do issues that this implementation
can not take care of. Additionally keep in mind that the goal of syntax highlighting is to make programming much less liable to error, to not make code look
fairly.

Colours

The default colours could also be modified by appending to the MC_COLOR_TABLE surroundings variable. Foreground and background colours
pairs could also be specified for instance with:

MC_COLOR_TABLE="$MC_COLOR_TABLE:
editnormal=lightgray,black:
editbold=yellow,black:
editmarked=black,cyan"

Choices

Most choices can now be set from the editors choices dialog field. See the Choices menu. The next choices are outlined in
~/.mc/ini and have apparent counterparts within the dialog field. You’ll be able to modify them to alter the editor conduct, by modifying the
file. Until specified, a 1 units the choice to on, and a 0 units it to off, as is common.

This feature is ignored when invoking mcedit.
Interpret the tab character as being of this size. Default is 8. It is best to keep away from utilizing apart from 8 since most different editors
and textual content viewers assume a tab spacing of 8. Use editor_fake_half_tabs to simulate a smaller tab spacing.
By no means insert a tab house. Reasonably insert areas (ascii 20h) to fill to the specified tab measurement.
Urgent return will tab throughout to match the indentation of the primary line above that has textual content on it.
Make a single backspace delete all of the house to the left margin if there isn’t any textual content between the cursor and the left margin.
It will emulate a half tab for many who wish to program with a tab spacing of 4, however don’t want the tab measurement modified from
8 (in order that the code will likely be formatted the identical when displayed by different packages). When modifying between textual content and the left margin,
shifting and tabbing will likely be as if a tab house had been 4, whereas truly utilizing areas and regular tabs for an optimum fill. When modifying
wherever else, a traditional tab is inserted.
Attainable values 0, 1 and a couple of. The save mode (see the choices menu additionally) means that you can change the tactic of saving a file. Fast
save (0) saves the file by instantly, truncating the disk file to zero size (i.e. erasing it) and the writing the editor contents
to the file. This technique is quick, however harmful, since a system error throughout a file save will go away the file solely partially written,
presumably rendering the information irretrievable. When saving, the protected possibility permits creation of a brief file into
which the file contents are first written. Within the occasion of an downside, the unique file is untouched. When the short-term file is
efficiently written, it’s renamed to the identify of the unique file, thus changing it. The most secure technique is create .
The place a backup file is created earlier than any adjustments are made. You’ll be able to specify your individual backup file extension within the dialog. Observe that
saving twice will substitute your backup in addition to your unique file.
line size to wrap. 72 default.
image for add extension to call of backup information. Default “~”.
present state line of editor now it present variety of file line (in future it may present issues like folding, breakpoints, and so on.). Alt-n
toglle this feature.
Toggle present seen trailing areas (TWS), if editor_visible_spaces=1 TWS confirmed as ‘.’
Toggle present seen tabs, if editor_visible_tabs=1 tabs confirmed as ‘<—->’
Don’t take away block choice after shifting the cursor.
Enable shifting cursor past the tip of line.
allow syntax highlighting.
present verify dialog on save.
to be described
to be described
save file place on exit.
image illustration of codepage identify for file (i.e. CP1251, ~ – default).
Search autocomplete candidates in complete of file or simply from start of file to cursor place (0)

Miscellaneous

You need to use scanf search and substitute to go looking and substitute a C format string. First check out the sscanf and sprintf
man pages to see what a format string is and the way it works. This is an instance: suppose that you just wish to substitute all occurrences of an
open bracket, three comma separated numbers, and a detailed bracket, with the phrase , the third quantity, the phrase
after which the second quantity. You’ll fill within the Exchange dialog field as follows:

Enter search string(%d,%d,%d)
Enter substitute stringapples %d oranges %d
Enter alternative argument order3,2

The final line specifies that the third after which the second quantity are for use instead of the primary and second.

It’s advisable to make use of this function with Immediate On Exchange on, as a result of a match is regarded as discovered at any time when the variety of arguments
discovered matches the quantity given, which isn’t all the time an actual match. Scanf additionally treats whitespace as being elastic. Observe that the scanf
format %[ may be very helpful for scanning strings, and whitespace.

The editor additionally shows non-us characters (160+). When modifying binary information, you must set show bits to 7 bits within the
Midnight Commander choices menu to maintain the spacing clear.

Recordsdata

The assistance file for this system.
The default system-wide setup for Midnight Commander, used provided that
the person’s personal ~/.mc/ini file is lacking.

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